Intimate Images and Safety – Research & Resources


CyberTip.caNon-Consensual Distribution of an Intimate Image – If you have shared an intimate/sexual picture or video with a person, or if you know that someone has such a picture/video of you, and that picture/video is being shared with others online or by phone (or you are worried this may occur), there are steps you can take to regain control over the situation. – Help stop the spread of sexual pictures or videos – If you or someone you know has been negatively impacted by a self/peer exploitation incident, we are here to help offer guidance on the steps you can take to get through it.

ProjectShift.caPractical Tips and Tools for Supporting Girls and Young Women Navigating Life Online – A woman-centred digital literacy resource to help adults support girls and young women experiencing cyber-violence in a compassionate and non-judgmental way.

GenderIt.orgNon-Consensual Sharing of Intimate Images – The site is meant to be a think tank OF and FOR women’s rights, sexuality, sexual rights and internet rights activists, academics, journalists and advocates. 

DMCA Takedown ServicesDigital Media Copyright Act Services – is a service that provides its customers with a variety of tools to help detect theft of online material that has occurred, to have it removed, and to prevent it from being posted in the future.

E-Safety Commissioner of AustraliaInternational Resources for Image-Based Abuse – This site provides access to international resources listed by country to help combat image-based abuse.

Articles and Studies

Aceng, Sandra. “Revenge Porn”: The Understanding and Impact of Non-Consensual Intimate Images (NCII) Violence. Impakter. August 2, 2019.

Balakrishnan, Anita. “Judges issuing harsher revenge porn sentences in Canada”. Law Times. May 22, 2019.

Dodge, Alexa. (2019). Nudes are Forever: Judicial Interpretations of Digital Technology’s Impact on “Revenge Porn”. Canadian Journal of Law and Society. 10.1017/cls.2019.4.

Johnson, M., Mishna, F., Okumu, M., Daciuk, J. (2018). Non-Consensual Sharing of Sexts: Behaviours and Attitudes of Canadian Youth, Ottawa: MediaSmarts.

MacGregor, Lisa. “More teens are sexting and sharing sexts without consent: University of Calgary study”. Global News. February 26, 2018.

Ruvalcaba, Y., & Eaton, A. A. (2019). Nonconsensual pornography among U.S. Adults: A sexual scripts framework on victimization, perpetration, and health correlates for women and menPsychology of Violence. Advance online publication.